عنوان مقاله [English]
The green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea is one of the natural enemies, which attacks various pests on crops and orchards. Feeding preference of natural enemies is one of the most important criteria used in evaluation of their efficiency. In this research, feeding preferences and switching of the second and third instar larvae of C. carnea were studied on the citrus aphid, Aphis spiraecola and the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii. The experiments were carried out on orange leaves in a growth chamber at 27±2°C, 65±5% RH and a photoperiod of 16L: 8D h. The results showed that when A. spiraecola or A. gossypii were separately offered to the second and third instar larvae of predator, the predation rate was higher on A. gossypii compared to A. spiraecola. Providing different combinations of A. gossypii: A. spiraecola significantly affected the consumption of C. carnea larvae in switching experiment. In different combinations, the consumption of the second and third instar larvae of the predator varied from 7.90 to 21.10 and from 15.70 to 31.00 on A. spiraecola, and from 14.60 to 29.60 and from 24.50 to 38.20 on A. gossypii, respectively. The values of Manly’s preference index in equal ratios of A. gossypii: A. spiraecola were calculated 0.632:0.368 and 0.647:0.353 for second and third larval instars, respectively, showing the preference of the larvae to A. gossypii. The results of the present study showed that the types
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