سمیت اسپیروتترامات، اسپیرومسیفن، تیامتوکسام + لامبدا سای هالوترین و آزادیراختین روی شته مومی کلمBrevicoryne brassicae (Hem.: Aphididae)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

شته مومی کلم Brevicoryne brassicae (L.)یکی از مهم­ترین آفات کلم در ایران است. حشره­کش‏های شیمیایی به عنوان ابزار کلیدی کنترل این آفت مورد توجه هستند. بیشترین بحث در ارتباط با کاربرد حشره‏کش‏های شیمیایی برای کنترل شته مومی کلم، آلودگی کلم با بقایای مواد شیمیایی و توسعه مقاومت این آفت به ترکیبات شیمیایی است. در تحقیق حاضر سمیت اسپیروتترامات، اسپیرومسیفن، تیامتوکسام+ لامبدا­سای هالوترین و آزادیراختین روی حشرات کامل و پوره­های شته مومی کلم با روش‏های تماسی، سیستمیک و تماسی- سیستمیک سموم مورد آزمون قرار گرفت. استفاده از روش­های مختلف برای بررسی احتمال وجود اختلاف در کشندگی حشره­کش­ها صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد تیامتوکسام + لامبداسای هالوترین در روش تماسی روی حشرات کامل شته مومی کلمنسبت به حشره­کش­های دیگر کارایی بالاتری داشته و در روش سیستمیک روی حشرات کامل نسبت به اسپیروتترامات کارایی بالاتری داشت. اسپیرومسیفن روی حشرات کامل در روش تماسی- سیستمیک نسبت به سه ترکیب دیگر کشندگی کمتری داشت. تیامتوکسام+ لامبداسای هالوترین در روش تماسی روی پوره­های این آفت نسبت به اسپیرومسیفن کارایی بالاتری داشته و در روش سیستمیک روی پوره­های شته مومی کلم نسبت به اسپیروتترامات و آزادیراختین تاثیر بالاتری داشته و در روش تماسی-­سیتمیک روی پوره­ها نسبت به اسپیرومسیفن و آزادیراختین کارایی بالاتری داشت. نتایج نشان داد که حشره‏کش‏ تیامتوکسام+ لامبدا­سای هالوترین برای حشرات کامل و پوره‏های شته مومی کلم از سمیت بالاتری برخوردار  بود. لذا این ترکیب در برنامه‏های کنترل تلفیقی این آفت قابل توصیه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Toxicity of spirotetramat, spiromesifen, thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin and azadirachtin on cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (Hem.: Aphididae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Alizadeh
  • S. A. Safavi
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae is one of the most important insect pests of cabbage in Iran. Chemical insecticides are considered as the key tools in controlling this pest. However, a major issue with these synthetic chemicals is cabbage contamination with their residues and as well as development of resistance by the pest. The present study evaluated the toxicity of spirotetramat, spiromesifen, thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin and azadirachtin to the cabbage aphid through contact, systemic and contact-systemic methods. Different bioassay methods were applied to assess the probable differences in toxicity of these insecticides.  The results showed that thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin was more effective than three other insecticides to adult cabbage aphid with contact method and was more lethal than the spirotetramat in the systemic method on adult cabbage aphid. Spiromesifen was less effective than three other insecticides on adults in contact-systemic method. Thiamethoxam + lambda cyhalothrin was more effective than the spiromesifen on the nymphs by contact than spirotetramat and azadirachtin by systemic methods. In the contact-systemic method, thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin was more effective than spiromesifen and azadirachtin on nymphs. The results indicated higher toxicity of thiamethoxam + lambda-cyhalothrin on the adult and nymphal stages of B. brassicae. Hence, it can be recommended in integrated management programs for the control of this pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Brevicoryne brassicae
  • chemical insecticides
  • azadirachtin
  • contact procedure
  • contact-systemic method
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