فون کنه های خانواده (Cheyletidae (Acari: Trombidiformes در زیستگاه های مختلف بخش مرکزی استان گیلان و تعیین گونه های غالب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان

2 گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گیلان

3 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

فون کنه­ های خانواده Cheyletidae در بخش مرکزی استان گیلان در سال­ های 1396-1394 بررسی شد. فراوانی و گونه­ های غالب کنه­ های جمع ­آوری شده از پنج زیستگاه شامل فرآورده ­های انباری برنج، بقایای گیاهی پوسیده، برگ گیاه، خاک و کود دام و طیور نیز مشخص شد. در این پژوهش در مجموع 19 گونه متعلق به هشت جنس و پنج قبیله جمع­آوری و شناسایی شد. یک کلید برای شناسایی جنس و گونه­ های کنه های خانواده Cheyletidae استان گیلان تهیه شده است. فرآورده­ های انباری برنج با 02/73 درصد بیشترین فراوانی نسبی کنه­ های جمع ­آوری شده را در بین زیستگاه ­ها داشتند، بعد از آن بقایای گیاهی پوسیده با 82/12 درصد، کود دام و طیور با 1/6 درصد، برگ با 41/4 درصد در رتبه­ های دوم تا چهارم قرار داشتند. کمترین فراوانی نسبی در خاک به میزان 64/3 درصد مشاهده شد. در مقایسه فراوانی گونه در زیستگاه­ های مختلف بیشترین درصد فراوانی در کود دام و طیور و مربوط به گونه Cheyletus malaccensis(7/59 درصد) به­ دست آمد. گونه ­های C. malaccensis،Cheyletus carnifex وCheyletus eruditus  به ترتیب با 77/41 درصد، 59/23 درصد و 72/19 درصد بیشترین فراوانی ­های نسبی در میان کل گونه­ های جمع­آوری شده را داشتند. بر اساس شاخص غالبیت سیمپسون بیشترین میزان غالبیت گونه ­ها مربوط به خاک (کمترین تنوع) و کمترین میزان غالبیت مربوط به کود دام و طیور (بیشترین تنوع) بود. در روش غالبیت برگر-پارکر بر اساس فراوانی گونه، گونه C. malaccensis دارای بیشترین غالبیت در کود دام و طیور و کمترین غالبیت در خاک بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Fauna of Cheyletidae (Acari: Trombidiformes) mites in different habitats of central part of Guilan Province and determination of dominant species

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Salarzehi 1
  • J. Hajizadeh 1
  • H. Pourbabaei 2
  • M. Hakimitabar 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht
2 Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Rasht
3 Department of plant protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
چکیده [English]

 Fauna of cheyletid mites (Cheyletidae) in central part of Guilan Province, northern Iran, was studied during 2016-2017. The abundance and dominant indices of collected species were also evaluated in five habitats including stored rice products, decayed plant material, plant leaf, soil and livestock and poultry manure. In this research, totally 19 species belong to 8 genera and 5 tribes were collected and identified. An identification key to genera and species of cheyletid mites in Guilan Province is provided. Stored rice products with 73.02% has the highest abundance of mites among habitats, subsequently, decayed plant material (12.82%), livestock and poultry manure (6.1%), and leaf (4.41%) were in second to fourth ranks. The lowest relative abundance was observed in soil (3.64%). In comparison the frequency of species in different habitats, the highest percentage of abundance in livestock and poultry manure was due to Cheyletus malaccensis Oudemans (59.7%). Cheyletus malaccensis, Cheyletus carnifex Zachvatkin and Cheyletus eruditus (Schrank) with 41.77%, 23.59% and 19.72%, abundance respectively, have the most relative abundance among the total collected species. Based on the Simpson dominance index, the highest species dominance was due to soil (lowest diversity) and the lowest dominance was in livestock and poultry manure (the most diversity). In the Burger-Parker dominance method based on species abundance, Cheyletus malaccensis had the highest dominance in livestock and poultry manure and the lowest dominance in the soil.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dominant species
  • Fauna
  • Prostigmata
  • Cheyletidae
  • Guilan
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