تاثیر جیره‌های غذایی حاوی کنجاله کنجد، سویا و کلزا بر فراسنجه‌های جدول زندگی شب‌پره‌ی مدیترانه‌ای آرد Ephestia kuehniella (Lep.: Pyralidae)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان

چکیده

شب­ پره ­ی آرد (Zeller) Ephestia kuehniella، یکی از آفات مهم محصولات انباری است. تخم و لارو­های آن به­ طور گسترده­ برای پرورش پارازیتوییدها و شکارگرها مورد استفاده قرار می­ گیرد. در این پژوهش تاثیر جیره­ غذایی استاندارد شامل مخلوط آرد گندم (68%)، سبوس گندم (29%) و سه درصد مخمر و نیز ترکیب آن با کنجاله­ های کنجد (30 درصد)، کنجاله سویا (30 درصد) و کنجاله کلزا (30 درصد) روی شاخص­ های زیستی و فراسنجه های جدول زندگی E. kuehniella با استفاده از نظریه جدول زندگی دو جنسی ویژه سن- مرحله رشدی بررسی شد. آزمایش­ ها در شرایط آزمایشگاهی، دمای 1 ± 25 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5 ± 65 درصد و تاریکی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد باروری شب­پره­ی آرد با اضافه کردن کنجاله کنجد (69/477 تخم) به­ طور معنی­ داری نسبت به کنجاله سویا (77/451 تخم)، کنجاله کلزا (21/411 تخم) و جیره غذایی استاندارد (20/393 تخم) افزایش می ­یابد. هم­چنین در این بررسی بین طول دوره ­ی مرحله­ لاروی در تیمار­های کنجاله کنجد (31/34 روز)، کنجاله سویا (40/31 روز)، کنجاله کلزا (26/33 روز) و جیره غذایی استاندارد (37/30 روز) اختلاف معنی داری وجود داشت. نرخ ذاتی رشد جمعیت (r) برای جیره غذایی حاوی کنجاله کنجد، کنجاله سویا، کنجاله کلزا و جیره غذایی استاندارد به ترتیب 102/0، 108/0، 103/0 و 109/0 بر روز بود. بنابراین نتایج نشان می­ دهد جیره ­های غذایی حاوی کنجاله­ های کنجد، سویا وکلزا نسبت به غذای استاندارد تاثیر مثبتی بر فراسنجه ­های جمعیتی این حشره حداقل با توجه به شرایط این مطالعه نداشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of diets containing of sesame, soybean and rapeseed meal on life table parameters of the flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella (Lep.: Pyralidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Davoudi
  • H. R. Sarraf Moayeri
  • A. Kavousi
Department of Plant Protection, University of Zanjan, Zanjan
چکیده [English]

The Mediterranean flour moth (MFM), Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller), is one of the major pests of stored products. Eggs and larvae of this moth are widely used for rearing parasitoids and predators. In this study, the effect of the standard diet including a mixture of wheat flour (68%), wheat bran (29,%) plus 3% yeast and also the standard diet + sesame meal (30%), soybean  (30%) andrapeseed (30%) on biological characteristics and life table parameters of E. kuehniella were studied by using the Two-sex, Age-stage life table theory. The condition of experiments were; 25±1ºC, 65±5% RH and complete darkness. The results showed that the flour moth fecundity significantly increased by adding sesame meal (477.69 eggs) compared tosoybean meal (451.77 eggs), rapeseed meal (411.21eggs) and standard diet (393.20 eggs). Also, significant differences were found between the larval stage durations being 34.31, 31.40, 33.26 and 30.37 days for sesame meal, soybean meal, rapeseed meal and standard diet, respectively. The intrinsic rate of increase (r) for sesame meal, rapeseed  meal containing and  standard diet was 0.102, 0.108, 0.103 and 0.109 day-1, respectively. Therefore, the results showed that diets containing sesame meal, soybean meal and rapeseed meal did not have much more efficiency on population parameters of this insect than standard diet at least in this study conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Artificial diet
  • biological control
  • Life table
  • Fecundity
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