تاثیر کائولین بر لاروهای سن دوم شب پره ی مینوز گوجه فرنگی (Tuta absoluta (Lep.: Gelechiidae در شرایط گلخانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

2 بخش علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

3 بخش علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

تاثیر کائولین بر لاروهای سن دوم شب­ پره­ ی مینوز گوجه­ فرنگی (Tuta absolut (Meyricka بررسی و اثر غلظت­ های مختلف کائولین (صفر، 5/2 درصد، 5 درصد و 5/7 درصد) بر لاروهای سن دوم شب­پره­ ی مینوز گوجه ­فرنگی آزمایش شد. کائولین ­پاشی به­ صورت طرح کاملا تصادفی با پنج تکرار در هر تیمار، روی بوته ­های گوجه ­فرنگی با ارتفاع هر بوته حدود 30 سانتی ­متر انجام گرفت. سپس ده عدد لارو سن دوم شب ­پره ­ی مینوز گوجه­ فرنگی به صورت تصادفی روی برگ­ های گیاه گوجه­ فرنگی رها شدند. پس از 72 ساعت، تعداد مرگ و میر لاروها، تعداد لاروهای فرار کرده و میزان تغذیه­ ی لاروها (براساس سانتی ­مترمربع و درصد برگ خورده شده) ثبت شد. میزان تغذیه با دستگاه سطح برگ­ سنج اندازه­ گیری شد. داده­ ها در نرم ­افزار SAS تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. براساس نتایج به­ دست آمده، غلظت­ های مختلف کائولین، در پارامترهای دورکنندگی و مرگ و میر لاروها، تفاوت معنی ­دار نشان دادند. میانگین لاروهای فرار کرده در تیمارهای 5/2، 5، 5/7 درصد کائولین و شاهد به ­ترتیب، (39/0±00/3)، (39/0±40/3)، (39/0±00/3) و (39/0±60/1) بود. به­ طور میانگین کمتر از 20 درصد مرگ و میر برای تیمارهای دارای کائولین مشاهده شد. در مقابل هیچ یک از غلظت ­های کائولین بر میزان تغذیه­ ی لاروها اثر نداشتند.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Kaolin on second instar larvae of tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Lep.: Gelechiidae) in greenhouse conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Abdollahi 1
  • K. Minaei 1
  • M. Alichi 1
  • H. Atashi 2
  • S. Eshghi 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University
2 Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University
3 Department of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University
چکیده [English]

Effect of Kaolin on second instar larvae of Tomato leaf miner moth, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) was investigated. Effect of various concentrations (0, 2.5%, 5% and 7.5%) of Kaolin was tested on second instar larvae of tomato leaf miner. Kaolin was sprayed in a completely randomized design with five repetitions on each tomato plant with height of about 30 cm. Then, ten second instar larvae of tomato leaf miner were released randomly on tomato leaves. After 72 hours, data in the mortality of larvae, escaped larvae and feeding amount (in cm2 and % of eaten( were taken. The feeding amount was measured by leaf level device. Data were analyzed with SAS software. Based on the results, different concentrations of Kaolin, had significant repellency properties and mortality on larvae. The mean of larval repellency calculated for concentrations of Kaolin %2.5, %5, %7.5 and control were (3.00±0.39), (3.40±0.39), (3.00±0.39) and (1.60±0.39), respectively. In average less than 20% mortality was observed for various concentrations of Kaolin. In contrast, none of the concentrations of Kaolin had significant effect on feeding amount of the second instar larvae of pest. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Kaolin
  • Repellent
  • Second instar larvae
  • Tomato leaf miner
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