عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The jujube fruit fly, Carpomyia vesuviana Costa (Dip. Tephritidae) is the most important pest of jujube (Ziziphus jujube Mill). This study was carried out in order to suggest a new solution to chemical pesticides, using some chemical solutions containing Protein Hydrolyzate (PH), Ammonium Bicarbonate (AB), Borax (Bo.), Ammonium Sulfate (AS), total combination (including PH + Bo. + AS and AB) in concentration (3%) as attractants. Significant differences between treatments was observed at 1% level for jujube fruit fly attraction. The highest and lowest capture of jujube fruit fly were recorded in total combination and in control (34.5 and 1.5), respectively. Bo. with mean of 19.0 and PH, AB and AS, respectively, with means of 1.5, 2.0 and 4.5 were placed in other groups. There was a high significant difference between treatments at 1% for attraction of Green lacewing (Chrysoperla carnea). The maximum and minimum were recorded for total combination and PH treatments (22.0 and 4.0) respectively. Also the highest and lowest FTD were obtained for total combination and control treatments and the highest and lowest ITD were recorded for BA and PH treatments, respectively. In total, adding borax (3%) to sugar beet molasses and other ammine having materials as a new method in combination with other functional and sustainable methods for jujube fruit fly control is recommended.