تأثیر دو رقم گیاه فلفل روی پارامترهای زیستی و رشد جمعیت شته سبز هلو، Myzus persicae و واکنش تابعی بالتوری سبز،Chrysoperla carnea در دو نوع سامانه کشت خاکی و هیدروپونیک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران


      در این تحقیق، پارامترهای زیستی و رشد جمعیت شته‌ سبز هلو،  Myzus persicaeپرورش­یافته روی دو رقم فلفل الگانت و جلاپینو در دو نوع سامانه کشت خاکی و هیدروپونیک و واکنش تابعی لاروهای سن سوم بالتوری سبز Chrysoperla carnea نسبت به این آفت در دمای 2±25 درجه­ی سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5±65 درصد و دوره­ نوری 16 ساعت روشنایی و 8 ساعت تاریکی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بیشترین مقدار نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) و نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (R0) شته روی رقم جلاپینو در کشت خاکی (به­ترتیب 281/0 بر روز و 89/62 بر نسل) و کمترین مقدار آن­ها روی رقم الگانت در کشت هیدروپونیک (به­ترتیب 174/0 بر روز و 14/34 بر نسل) محاسبه شد. واکنش تابعی لارو سن سوم شکارگر نسبت به پوره­های این آفت در تمام تیمارها از نوع دوم به دست آمد. نرخ حمله­ (a) شکارگر در تیمارهای مختلف بین 0422/0 تا 0674/0 بر ساعت و زمان دستیابی (Th) آن بین 1915/0 تا 2191/0 ساعت متغیر بود. نتایج نشان داد که رقم جلاپینو در کشت خاکی به علت دارا بودن بیشترین میزان r رقم مطلوب­تری برای نشوونما و تولیدمثل شته سبز هلو به حساب می­آید. در مقابل، رقم الگانت در کشت هیدروپونیک به دلیل دارا بودن کمترین میزان r از مطلوبیت کمتری برای شته سبز هلو برخوردار است. همچنین، با توجه به پارامترهای واکنش تابعی، به‌نظر می‌رسد ارقام الگانت و جلاپینو در کشت هیدروپونیک در مقایسه با کشت خاکی از کیفیت مناسب­تری برای اعمال کنترل بیولوژیک روی این آفت برخوردار می­باشند.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of two pepper cultivars on biological and population growth parameters of Myzus persicae and functional response of Chrysoperla carnea in two soil and hydroponic cultivation systems

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Elahi
  • M. Hassanpour
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, the biological and population growth parameters of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer and the functional response of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea Stephens were investigated on two pepper cultivars (Jalapeno and Elegant) in two soil and hydroponic cultivation systems at 25±2 ˚C, 65±5 % RH and 16:8 (L:D) h. The highest values of intrinsic rate of increase (r) and net reproductive rate (R0) of the aphid were estimated on Jalapeno in soil cultivation (0.281d-1 and 62.89 per generation, resp.) and the lowest values were on Elegantin in hydroponic cultivation (0.174 d-1 and 34.14 per generation, resp.). The third instar larvae of C. carnea exhibited functional response type II on all treatments. The attack rate (a) of predator varied from 0.0422 to 0.0674 h-1 and handling time (Th) ranged from 0.1915 to 0.2191 h on different treatments. The results revealed that cultivar Jalapeno in soil cultivation system, with the highest r value, is a relatively desirable cultivar for the growth and feeding of M. persicae. In contrast, cultivar Elegant in hydroponic cultivation system with the lowest value of r is less desirable for M. persicae. Also, according to the results of functional response, Elegant and Jalapeno in hydroponic cultivation, compared to the soil cultivation system, have more suitable quality for biological control of this pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Common green lacewing
  • cultivation system
  • green peach aphid
  • pepper cultivars
  • predator-prey interaction
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