ارزیابی امکان کاربردکفشدوزک Hippodamia variegata و رقم مقاوم گل رز در مدیریت شته رز Macrosiphum rosae

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران

10.22124/iprj.2022.5795

چکیده

مدیریت تلفیقی آفات با تاکید بر استفاده هم­زمان عوامل کنترل زیستی و ارقام مقاوم می­تواند یکی از راهکارهای کارآمد برای مدیریت آفات باشد. در این پژوهش تاثیر ارقام حساس (Orange) و مقاوم (Tea) گل رز روی فراسنجه­های جدول زندگی شته رز Macrosiphum rosae (L.) (Hem.: Aphididae) و کفشدوزک شکارگر آن،Hippodamia variegata (Goeze) (Col.: Coccinellidae)، در شرایط آزمایشگاهی ارزیابی شد. داده­های به دست آمده با استفاده از تئوری جدول زندگی سن-مرحله رشدی، دو جنسی تجزیه و میانگین و خطاهای معیار با استفاده از مدل بوت­استرپ محاسبه شد. میانگین دوره رشد و نمو مرحله نابالغ (دوره پورگی) شته رز روی رقم مقاوم (20/15 روز) به طور معنی­داری بیشتر از رقم حساس (53/9 روز) بود. نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) شته رز روی ارقام حساس و مقاوم به­ترتیب 330/0 و 115/0 بر­ روز بود. علاوه بر این، مقادیر نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) کفشدوزک تغذیه­کرده از شته­های پرورش یافته روی ارقام حساس و مقاوم به­ترتیب 145/0 در برابر 126/0 بر روز بود. طول کل دوره قبل از تخمریزی (TPOP) کفشدوزک روی رقم مقاوم (66/26 روز) به طور معنی­داری طولانی­تر از رقم حساس (83/23 روز) بود، ولی میزان باروری کل روی رقم مقاوم (34/370 تخم/ماده) به طور معنی­داری کمتر از رقم حساس (65/451 تخم/ماده) بود. نتایج به دست آمده در این پژوهش، به­ویژه پایین بودن نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت و میزان باروری این شکارگر روی رقم مقاوم گل رز (Tea)، بیانگر ضرورت انجام پژوهش­های بیشتر در خصوص استفاده تلفیقی از ارقام مقاوم و عوامل بیوکنترل در برنامه­های کنترلی شته رز می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing compatibility of Hippodamia variegata and resistant rose cultivar in the management of Macrosiphum rosae

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Salari 1
  • M. Khanamani 2
  • M. Asadi 1
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Integrated management with emphasis on combination of biocontrol agents and resistant varieties can be one of the efficient strategies to manage the pests. In this study, the effect of susceptible ('Orange') and resistant ('Tea') rose cultivars on demographic parameters of the rose aphid, Macrosiphum rosae (L.) (Hem.: Aphididae), and its predatory lady beetle Hippodamia variegata (Goeze) (Col.: Coccinellidae) was determined under laboratory conditions. The obtained data were analysed according to the age-stage, two-sex life table theory, the means, as well as the standard errors of all parameters, were estimated by the bootstrap procedure. Mean developmental time of immature stages (nymphal period) of the aphid on the resistant cultivar (15.20 days) was significantly higher than the susceptible one (9.53 days). The intrinsic rate of increase (r) of the rose aphid on the susceptible and resistant cultivars was 0.330 and 0.115 day-1, respectively. Furthermore, the values of the intrinsic rate of increase (r) of the predator fed on the aphids reared on the susceptible and resistant cultivars was 0.145 versus 0.126 day-1, respectively. The total pre-oviposition period (TPOP) of the lady beetle on the resistant cultivar (26.66 days) was significantly longer than that on the susceptible one (23.83 days), but total fecundity on the resistant cultivar (370.34 eggs/female) was significantly lower than that on the susceptible cultivar (451.65 eggs/female). According to obtained results, considering the lower intrinsic rate of increase (r) and fecundity of the predator on the resistant rose cultivar ('Tea'), more attention should be devoted for integrated control of rose aphids using resistant cultivars and predatory lady beetles.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Integrated management
  • Lady beetle
  • Hippodamia
  • Life table
  • Antibiosis resistance
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