مطالعه‌ رابطه‌ جمعیتی و اثر چند کنه‌کش برکنه‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای (Tetranychus urticae Koch) و کنه‌ شکارگر Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) در رز گلخانه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان خراسان رضوی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، مشهد، ایران

2 بخش تحقیقات جانور شناسی کشاورزی، موسسه تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

10.22124/iprj.2021.5259

چکیده

خانواده‌ی Tetranychidae مهم­ترین گونه‌های کنه‌های آفت گلخانه‌ا‌ی را در خود جای داده است و در بین آن‌ها کنه‌‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای، مهم­ترین آفت گلخانه‌ای به حساب می‌آید. در این تحقیق در شرایط پایدار، رابطه‌ی میان جمعیت کنه‌ شکارگر Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) و مراحل زیستی کنه‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و مدل رگرسیون خطی چندگانه برای این متغیرها برازش شد. نتایج نشان داد که کنه‌ شکارگر، مرحله‌ی لاروی کنه‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای را با بیشترین مقدار ضریب بتا (795/0 Beta=) نسبت به سایر مراحل زیستی کنه‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای ترجیح می‌دهد. در ادامه کارایی چهار ترکیب کنه‌کش پلاریس® (کلرفناپیر SC 24%)، اسپید® (کلرفناپیر SC 24%)، فلورامایت® (بایفنازیتSC 24% ) و دایابون3® (روغن کرچک SL 10%) علیه این آفت و کنه‌ شکارگر آن در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی بررسی شد. نتایج تجزیه واریانس درصد مرگ و میر مراحل زیستی تخم، لارو، پوره و افراد بالغ کنه‌ تارتن دولکه‌ای و کنه‌ شکارگر آن توسط کنه‌کش‌ها در روزهای 3، 7 و 14 بعد از سم‌پاشی نشان داد که ترکیب‌های بایفنازیت 5/0 در هزار، روغن کرچک 8 در هزار و کلرفناپیر (پلاریس®) 5/0 در هزار در تمام مراحل زیستی در فواصل زمانی مختلف به­ترتیب بالاترین درصد تلفات را دارند. بر اساس طبقه بندی IOBC، کم­خطرترین ترکیب برای کنه‌ شکارگر، روغن کرچک و بایفنازیت و خطرناک‌ترین ترکیب‌، هر دو فرم تجاری کلرفناپیر  به‌دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of population relationship and the effect of several acaricides on the Tetranychus urticae Koch and the predatory mite of Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) in greenhouse roses

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Nateq Golestan 1
  • A. Farazmand 2
  • H. Kamali 1
1 Plant Protection Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Zoology Research, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The family Tetranychidae includes the most important species of greenhouse pest mites, among which the two-spotted spider mite is the most important greenhouse pest. In this study, under stable conditions, the relationship between the population of the predatory mite Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and the biological stages of the two-spotted spider mite was investigated and a multiple linear regression model was fitted for these variables. It was found that the predator mite prefers the larval stage of the two-spotted spider mite with the highest beta coefficient (Beta= 0.795) over its other biological stages. The efficacy of four acaricides including Polaris® (chlorfenapyr SC 24%), Speed® (chlorfenapyr SC 24%), Flormite® (bifenazate SC 24%) and Dayabon3® (castor oil SL 10%) against this pest and its predator mite was based on a randomized complete block design. The results of the analysis of variance of mortality of egg, larvae, nymph and adult stages of this pest and its predatory mite with treatments on days 3, 7 and 14 after spraying showed that bifenazate 0.5 ml/l, castor oil 8 ml/l and chlorfenapyr (Polaris®) 0.5 ml/l were the highest percentage of mortality in all biological stages at different time intervals, respectively. According to the IOBC classification, the least dangerous compound for the predator mite was castor oil and bifenazate, and the most dangerous compound were both trade name of chlorfenapyr.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acaricide
  • IOBC classification
  • Natural enemy
  • Ornamental plants
  • Spider mite
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