کارایی لوماکیدین 5 جی® و فریکول® در تلفیق با تله‌های جلب‌کننده علیه لیسکLinnaeus Deroceras agreste در گلخانه و مزرعه کاهو

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات جانورشناسی کشاورزی، موسسه تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران

2 بخش تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان مازندران، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ساری، ایران

10.22124/iprj.2021.5258

چکیده

لیسک Deroceras agreste از مهم­ترین آفات گلخانه­ها و مزارع کاهو است که باعث کاهش کمیت و کیفیت کاهو می­شود. کارایی هفت تیمار شامل 1-طعمه مسموم لوماکیدین 5 جی®، 2-طعمه مسموم فریکول®، 3- لوماکیدین 5 جی® با تله­ جلب‌کننده ماءالشعیر، 4- فریکول® با تله­ جلب­کننده ماءالشعیر ، 5- لوماکیدین 5 جی® با تله­ شیر، 6- فریکول® با تله­ شیر و 7- شاهد در چهار تکرار در گلخانه­ و مزرعه کاهوی قائم­شهر مازندران در سال­های 1398 و 1399 ارزیابی شد. تعداد لیسک‌های زنده یک روز قبل و 2 ،4، 8، 14 و 21 روز بعد از اعمال تیمارها شمارش شدند. نتایج نشان داد که هم در گلخانه و هم در مزرعه استفاده از تله ماءالشعیر کارایی طعمه‌های لوماکیدین 5 جی® و فریکول® را در کنترل لیسک D. agreste به­طور معنی‌داری افزایش داد. در روز بیست و یکم، بالاترین درصد کارایی در تیمار لوماکیدین 5 جی® در تلفیق با تله ماءالشعیر (100 درصد در گلخانه و مزرعه) به­دست آمد. در این روز، بالاترین درصد خسارت برگ‌ها مربوط به شاهد (حدود 70 درصد) و سپس، فریکول® (8/13 و 2/14 درصد به­ترتیب در گلخانه و مزرعه) بود. در تیمار لوماکیدین 5 جی® تلفیق با تله ماءالشعیر خوردگی برگ‌ مشاهده نشد. بنابراین به­کارگیری تله ماءالشعیر در تلفیق با لوماکیدین 5 جی® و فریکول® برای افزایش کارایی این طعمه‌ها پیشنهاد می‌شود. از این میان، لوماکیدین 5 جی® با تله ماءالشعیر ضمن تأثیر بیشتر در کنترل لیسکD. agreste  از نظر اقتصادی نیز به‌صرفه‌تر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of Lumakidin 5G® and Ferricol® in combination with attractant traps against Deroceras agreste Linnaeus in greenhouse and lettuce field

نویسندگان [English]

  • E. Ahmadi 1
  • M. Gholamzadeh Chitgar 2
1 Agricultural Zoology Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
2 Plant Protection Research Department, Mazandaran Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Deroceras agreste is one of the most important pests of greenhouses and lettuce fields, which reduces the quantity and quality of lettuce. Efficacy of seven treatments including 1- Lumakidin 5G® chemical bait, 2- Ferricol® bait, 3- combination of Lumakidin 5G ®with non-alcoholic beer trap, 4- combination of Ferricol® with non-alcoholic beer trap, combination of Lumakidin 5G® with milk trap, 6- combination of Ferricol® with milk trap and 7- control were evaluated in four replications in the greenhouse and lettuce field of Ghaemshahr, Mazandaran in 2019 and 2020. Counting the number of live slugs in the experimental plots were done one day before and 2, 4, 8, 14 and 21 days after the treatments. According to the results, in greenhouse and field, the use of non-alcoholic beer trap significantly increased the efficiency of Lumakidin 5G® and Ferricol® in controlling D. agreste. On the twenty-first day, the highest efficiency percentage (100% in greenhouse and field) obtained in Lumakidin 5G® treatment with non-alcoholic beer trap. In this day, the highest percentage of damaged lettuce leaves was in the control (about 70%) and then in Ferricol® (13.8% and 14.2% in the greenhouse and field, respectively). No eaten leaf area was observed in Lumakidin 5G® with non-alcoholic beer trap treatment. Therefore, the use of non-alcoholic beer trap in combination with Lumakidin 5G® and Ferricol® are recommended to increase the efficiency of these baits. Among them, Lumakidin 5G®with non-alcoholic beer trap having more effect in controlling D. agreste while is also more economical.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Deroceras agreste
  • Chemical bait
  • Attractive trap
  • Lettuce
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