تأثیر جیره‌های مختلف غذایی همراه مکمل روغن بر فراسنجه‌های جدول زندگی شب‌پره‌ی مدیترانه‌ای آرد، Anagasta kuehniella (Zeller)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

10.22124/iprj.2019.3775

چکیده

در این مطالعه، تأثیر چهار جیره­ی غذایی شامل غذای استاندارد (68% آردگندم، 29% سبوس گندم و 3% مخمر) و جیره­های غذایی حاوی غذای استاندارد به علاوه 10 درصد روغن­ پالم، روغن گلیسیرین و روغن پومیس روی ویژگی­های زیستی شب­پره­ی مدیترانه­ای آرد در دمای 1±25 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5±65 درصد و دوره­ی نوری تاریکی کامل بررسی شد. باروری در جیره­ی غذایی حاوی روغن پومیس (31/264 تخم)، جیره­ی غذایی حاوی روغن گلیسیرین (54/250 تخم) و جیره­ی غذایی حاوی روغن پالم (03/335 تخم) به طورمعنی داری کم­تر از جیره­ی غذای استاندارد (3/393 تخم) بود. نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r) بین جیره­های غذایی حاوی روغن پومیس (092/0 بر روز)، روغن پالم (101/0 بر روز)، روغن گلیسیرین (099/0 بر روز) و غذای استاندارد (109/0 بر روز) تفاوت معنی داری داشت. نرخ خالص تولید مثل (R0) در غذای استاندارد (75/174 نتاج/ فرد) در مقایسه با جیره­ی غذای حاوی روغن پالم (31/127 نتاج/ فرد) تفاوتی مشاهده نشد، ولی بیش­تر از جیره­ی غذایی حاوی روغن پومیس (65/76 نتاج/ فرد) و روغن گلیسیرین (27/102 نتاج/ فرد) بود. طول عمر حشرات در جیره­ی غذایی استاندارد (86/52 روز) با جیره­ی حاوی روغن گلیسیرین (08/54 روز) و جیره­ی حاوی روغن پالم (17/49 روز) تفاوت  معنی داری نداشت، ولی مقایسه سایر جیره­ها با یکدیگر تفاوت به‌طور معنی داری داشتند. به نظر می­رسد جیره­های غذایی حاوی روغن پالم، گلیسیرین و پومیس نسبت به غذای استاندارد، دارای کیفیت لازم برای استفاده به عنوان غذای مصنوعی، در پرورش این حشره نیستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different diets with oil additives on life table parameters of the flour moth Anagasta kuhniella (Zeller)

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Rahmani
  • H. R. Sarraf Moayeri
  • O. Kavousi
Department of Plant Protection, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effects of four diets including standard food (68% wheat flour, 29% wheat bran and 3% yeast) and standard diets with oil additives including 10% palm oil, glycerin oil and pumice oil was studied on biological properties of Mediterranean flour moth. The study was carried out in a rearing chamber set at 25 ± 1 °C, relative humidity of 65 ± 5% and complete darkness. The fecundity rate was recorded (264.31 egg 250.54 egg and 335.03 egg in the diet containing pumice oil, glycerin oil and palm oil respectively that was significantly lower than standard diet (393.2 egg). There were significant differences in intrinsic rate of population increase (r) among diets, diets containing pumice oil (0.092 day-1), palm oil (0.101 day-1), glycerin (0.099 day-1) and standard food (0.109 day-1). Net reproduction rate (R0) in standard food (174.75 offspring /individual) was not significantly different from palm diet (127.31 offspring /individual), but significantly higher than pumice diet (76.65 offspring /individual) and glycerin diet (102.27 offspring /individual). Insect’s longevity in standard diet (52.86 day) was not significantly different from glycerin added diet (54.08 day) and palm (49.17 day) but the remaining diet had a meaningful difference. Therefore, diets containing palm, glycerin and pumice oil did not have much more efficiency than standard food for use in artificial diet based rearing this insect.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Developmental time
  • Artificial diet
  • Fecundity
  • Life table
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