سمیت حشره کشی سیوانتو® و ابرون اسپید® برای کنترل سفیدبالک نیشکر، Neomaskellia andropogonis (Hem.: Aleyrodidae) در شرایط آزمایشگاهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

سفید­بالک نیشکر Neomaskellia andropogonis Corbett (Hem.: Aleyrodidae) یکی از آفات مهم در مزارع نیشکر ایران است. در این مطالعه، کارایی دو حشره­کش جدید سیوانتو® و ابرون اسپید®در کنترل مراحل مختلف زیستی سفیدبالک روی رقم­های  IRC99-02و CP69-1062نیشکر، در شرایط آزمایشگاهی ارزیابی شد. غلظت­های 20، 60، 100، 200 و 400 پی­پی­ام از دو حشره­کش در زیست­­ سنجی غوطه­وری برگ به­کار برده شدند. بالاترین غلظت سیوانتو® (400 پی­پی­ام) باعث 9/67 درصد تلفات روی تخم سفید­بالک در رقمIRC99-02  شد، در صورتی­که ابرون اسپید® خاصیت تخم­کشی چندانی از خود نشان نداد. حشره­کش سیوانتو® به طور موثری باعث کنترل حشرات بالغ سفید­بالک شد و بیشترین درصد تلفات (90 درصد) در غلظت 400 پی­پی­ام آن در رقم  IRC99-02نیشکر مشاهده شد. در صورتی که در همین غلظت، ابرون اسپید® به ترتیب باعث 60 و 70 درصد تلفات سفیدبالک در رقم­های IRC99-02 و  CP69-1062شد.  هر دو حشره­کش به طور موثری باعث کنترل پوره و شفیره سفیدبالک نیشکر شدند. نتایج نشان داد که هر دو حشره­کش سمیت بالایی روی سفیدبالک نیشکر داشتند. همچنین، زنبورهای پارازیتوئید با حشره­کش­ها سازگاری داشته و حشره­کش­های مورد استفاده روی فعالیت پارازیتیسم زنبورها تاثیر منفی نگذاشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Insecticidal toxicity of Sivanto® and Oberon Speed® for controlling sugarcane whitefly, Neomaskellia andropogonis (Hem.: Aleyrodidae) in laboratory conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z. Saeedi
  • M. Ziaee
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz-Iran
چکیده [English]

Sugarcane whitefly, Neomaskellia andropogonis Corbett (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) is one of the important pests of sugarcane fields in Iran. In this study, the efficacy of two new insecticides including Sivanto® and Oberon Speed® was evaluated for controlling different life stages of whitefly on IRC99-02 and CP69-1062 sugarcane varieties under laboratory conditions. The concentrations of 20, 60, 100, 200, and 400 ppm of two insecticides were applied using leaf dipping method. The highest concentration of Sivanto® (400 ppm) caused 67.9% mortality on whitefly eggs in IRC99-02 variety; while Oberon Speed® did not show much ovicidal activity. Sivanto® effectively controlled the adult’s stage and the highest mortality percentage (90%) was observed at 400 ppm in IRC99-02 variety of sugarcane. While at the same concentration, Oberon Speed® caused 60 and 70% mortality in IRC99-02 and CP69-1062 varieties, respectively. Both insecticides were effectively controlled whitefly nymphs and pupae. Our results indicated that both of the insecticides had high toxicity on sugarcane whitefly. Also, parasitoid wasps were compatible with the insecticides and applied insecticides did not negatively affect their parasitism activity. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Insecticide
  • whitefly
  • Control
  • variety
  • sugarcane
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