بررسی کارایی پودر کائولین در کاهش جمعیت پسیل آسیائی مرکبات (Diaphorina citri (Hem.: Liviidae

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 بخش تحقیقات حشره شناسی کشاورزی موسسه تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

2 بخش تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان کرمان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرمان، ایران

چکیده

پسیل آسیایی مرکبات، Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hem.: Liviidae) یکی از آفات مهم باغ­های مرکبات جنوب ایران است. اگر چه پسیل مرکبات از شیره گیاه میزبان تغذیه می‌کند، اما بیشترین اهمیت آن به دلیل انتقال باکتری مولد بیماری خطرناک گرینینگ است. در این تحقیق، تأثیر پودر کائولین در کنترل پسیل مرکبات در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 4 تیمار شامل غلظت‌های 3، 5 و 7 درصد پودر کائولین و شاهد (آب خالص) با 4 تکرار در استان کرمان منطقه ارزوئیه طی دو سال (1391- 1390) در دو مرحله ارزیابی شد. درصد تلفات حشره کامل طی دو سال آزمایش در تیمارهای کائولین 3، 5 و 7 درصد به ترتیب بین 09/48- 24/23، 49/85- 4783/53 و 14/83- 28/76 تعیین شد. همچنین میزان بازدارندگی تخم‌ریزی حشره کامل در تیمارهای 3، 5 و 7 درصد به ترتیب بین 69/49-86/22 ، 64/91- 49/65 و 72/96-91/73 به دست آمد. نتایج نشان داد طی دو سال آزمایش، اختلاف معنی‌داری بین دو تیمار کائولین 5 و 7 درصد وجود نداشت. بنابراین محلول‌پاشی درختان مرکبات با کائولین فرآوری‌شده، با غلظت 5 درصد، می­تواند خسارت پسیل آسیایی مرکبات را به طور معنی­داری کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the kaolin powder efficiency in reducing the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri (Hem.: Liviidae) population

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Mohammadipour 1
  • M. Naseri 2
1 Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
2 Plant Protection Research Department, Kerman Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hem: Liviidae) is one of the most destructive citrus pests in tropical and subtropical regions. Asian citrus psyllid is a sap-sucking insect and could act as a vector for the serious citrus greening disease. Vector suppression is critical to reduce disease spread. In this research, the effect of kaolin powder was investigated on control of citrus psyllid in a randomized complete block design with 3 treatments including 3, 5 and 7% kaolin powder in Kerman province, during 2011 and 2012. The different concentrations were sprayed over the whole canopy of trees. Results showed that the percentage of the mortality of adults in the two years at concentration of 3%, 5% and 7% suspension of Surround WP ranged from 23.24 - 48.09, 53.47 - 85.49 and 62.23 - 88.34%, respectively. Efficacy of 3, 5 and 7% suspension of Surround WP on citrus psyllid oviposition resulted in reduction of 22.86 - 49.69, 65.49 - 91.74 and 73.99 - 96.72%, respectively. The results showed that during two years of experiment, there was no significant difference between the two Kaolin treatments at 5 and 7%. Therefore, spraying citrus trees with processed kaolin, at a concentration of 5%, could significantly reduce the damage of the citrus psyllid.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Citrus
  • Psyllid
  • Diaphorina citri
  • Kaolin
  • Control
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