بررسی مقاومت ده ژنوتیپ لوبیا قرمز (Phaseolus vulgaris) به تریپس پیاز (Thrips tabaci) در شرایط مزرعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، ایران

2 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی لرستان- پردیس بروجرد، ایران

چکیده

تریپس پیاز Thrips tabaci Lindeman یکی از آفات مهم طیف وسیعی از محصولات اقتصادی کشاورزی در بسیاری از مناطق دنیا می­ باشد. در استان لرستان لوبیا (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) یکی از مهم ­ترین میزبان­های گیاهی این آفت محسوب می ­شود. این تحقیق در سال 1393 و به منظور بررسی مقاومت ده ژنوتیپ لوبیا قرمز به تریپس پیاز در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی بروجرد استان لرستان انجام گرفت. در این تحقیق عکس­ العمل ده ژنوتیپ لوبیا قرمز نسبت به تراکم جمعیت این حشره در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی با آزمایش کرت­ های خرد شده در زمان با سه تکرار و در شرایط مزرعه ­ای مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که بین ژنوتیپ­ ها در تاریخ ­های مختلف از نظر تعداد تریپس اختلاف معنی ­داری وجود داشت. بر اساس میانگین تعداد لارو سن اول و دوم تریپس پیاز از بین ده ژنوتیپ مورد بررسی، KS31285 و KS31169 به­ ترتیب با میانگین 323/0 و 331/0 تریپس/گیاه به عنوان ژنوتیپ حساس، KS31288، KS31286، KS31290،KS31292  وKS31287 به ­ترتیب با میانگین 210/0، 206/0، 262/0، 241/0 و 208/0 تریپس/گیاه به عنوان ژنوتیپ نیمه حساس و KS31289،KS31291 و گلی به­ ترتیب با میانگین 196/0، 179/0 و 191/0 تریپس/گیاه به عنوان ژنوتیپ های مقاوم به این آفت بودند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Resistance of ten red common bean (Phseolus vulgaris) genotypes to Onion thrips (Thrips tabaci) under field conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Roozbahani 1
  • J. Shakarami 1
  • A. Mohiseni 2
  • M. H. Kushki 2
  • Sh. Jafari 1
1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran
2 Agricultural and Natural Resourses Research and Education Center of Lorestan, Borojerd Campus, Borujerd, Iran
چکیده [English]

    Onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman, is a serious pest of a wide range of economically important crops in many parts of the world. Common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L. is one of the most important host plants of this pest in Lorestan province. This research was conducted to investigate the resistance of ten genotypes of red common bean to T. tabaci under field conditions in Borujerd, Lorestan province, Iran in 2014. In this research the responses of T. tabaci to ten red common bean genotypes was examined in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that there were a significant differences among the number of Thrips on genotypes in different sampling dates. According to the number of first and second instar larvae of T. tabaci, out of 10 red common bean genotypes, KS31285 and KS31169, respectively, with average of 0.323 and 0.331 thrips/plant were as susceptible genotypes, KS31288, KS31286, KS31290, KS31292 and KS31287, respectively, with average of 0.210, 0.206, 0.262, 0.241 and 0.208 thrips/plant were as semi susceptible genotypes and KS31289, KS31291 and Goli, respectively, with average of 0.196, 0.179 and 0.191 thrips/plant were as resistant genotypes to T. tabaci.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Red common bean
  • Thrips tabaci
  • Tolerance
  • Sensitivity
  • Borojerd
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