تاثیر کشت نواری توت فرنگی با گشنیز در کنترل کنه تارتن دولکه ای، (Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

گیاه گشنیز، Coriandrum sativum L.، که در بررسی حاضر  به اختصار Co نگاشته می­ شود، گیاه علفی یکساله آروماتیکی از تیره Apiaceae است. در این مطالعه، کشت نواری گشنیز و توت ­فرنگی، Fragaria ananassa Duchesne که به اختصار S نگاشته می­ شود، در دو الگوی 2S:2Co و 5S:2Co (نسبت­ های ردیف) در کنترل کنه تارتن دولکه­ ای، Tetranychus urticae Koch، بررسی شد. نتایج نشان داد که کشت ­های نواری گشنیز و توت ­فرنگی تراکم تخ م­های کنه تارتن دولک ه­ای را در مقایسه با تک­کشتی توت ­فرنگی به طور معنی­ داری کاهش دادند. همچنین، تراکم مراحل متحرک کنه تارتن دولکه­ ای در کشت ­های نواری، به خصوص 2S:2Co  به طور معنی ­داری کمتر از تک­ کشتی توت­ فرنگی بود. علاوه بر آن، نسبت برابری زمین (LER) (که برای ارزیابی برتری عملکرد کشت­ های نواری استفاده می ­شود) در کشت­ های نواری، به ویژه 2S:2Co (413/1 در سال 1396 و 430/1 در سال 1397) بیشتر از عدد یک به دست آمد. این نتایج نشان می­ دهد که کشت نواری توت­ فرنگی با گشنیز می ­تواند با کاهش جمعیت کنه تارتن دولکه ­ای و افزایش عملکرد محصولات، در برنامه ­های مدیریت تلفیقی کنه دولکه­ ای سودمند باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Intercropping effect of strawberry and coriander for controlling the two spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae)

نویسنده [English]

  • S. A. A. Fathi
Department of Plant Protection, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Coriander, Coriandrum sativum L. abbreviated here as Co, belongs to Apiaceae which is an aromatic herbaceous annual plant. In this study, intercropping coriander with strawberry, Fragaria ananassa Duchesne abbreviated as S, in the two patterns 2S: 2Co and 5S: 2Co (row ratios) were assessed for controlling the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, compared to strawberry. The results indicated that intercropping coriander and strawberry reduced the density of T. urticae eggs compared with strawberry monocropping. Furthermore, the densities of mobile forms of T. urticae were significantly lower in intercropping systems, especially 2S: 2Co compared with strawberry monocropping. Moreover, the land equivalent ratio (LER), which is used to assess the yield benefit in intercropping systems, was greater than 1 in intercrops, especially 2S: 2Co (1.413 in 2017 and 1.430 in 2018). These results indicated that intercropping strawberry with coriander could be beneficial in integrated management of T. urticae by reducing two-spotted spider mite densities and increasing the crop yields.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aromatic plants
  • biodiversity
  • intercropping
  • strawberry
  • sustainable agriculture
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